Bergamot Oil

Although bergamot can refer to a variety of either orange or pear, Molokhovets probably used an oil made from pears. Not only were pears much more common in nineteenth-century Russia, but none of the standard Russian dictionaries (Dal’, Ushakov, Ozhegov, and The Oxford Russian-English Dictionary) mentions oranges under the entry for bergamot. Macura, the sole exception, mentions oranges and omits any reference to pears. (Macura, Russian-English Botanical Dictionary, 43.)