A filled egg pasta popular in Syria and other parts of the Middle East. Calsones are thought to have originated in Naples, where the filling was sausage, making them a relative of Italian Calzones. When Jews were expelled from Italy in the 16th century by the Spanish rulers, they took calsones with them to Syria, where it became more popular to fill them with cheese. In addition to meat or cheese, other fillings such as spinach are sometimes used. Over time calsones or kalsones went from being fried to mostly steamed or boiled. A popular Syrian dish is calsones b’rishta, which combines cheese-filled calsones with noodles. The noodles, called rishta or reshteh, are made from leftover dough cut much like an Italian Tagliatelle.
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