Russian salad is often confused with a macédoine of vegetable; and cooked mixed vegetables, with a mayonnaise dressing, are quite erroneously called “Russian salad.” The real Russian salad contains not only cooked vegetables, but also cooked meat, poultry or game, or fish, and it is usually dressed with a plain dressing of oil, vinegar, salt and pepper—hence the name “Vinaigrette,” by which it is known in Russia.
Here is a typically Russian “Russian salad”: Meat, game or poultry is cut in dice, as well as beetroot, potatoes, gherkins, salt or fresh cucumbers and hard-boiled eggs. These are mixed with olives, sauerkraut and haricot beans. All the ingredients are well mixed with a salad dressing of oil, vinegar, mustard, salt and pepper.
It can also be made with uncooked herrings or cooked fish, with the same vegetables.