Fresh basil is a joyous herb which has a powerful smell but does not taste pungent Our newfound ability to buy basil most of the year round is a great bonus. Obviously it is cheaper in the summer, when it is not flown in from such great distances, but is still too expensive from most food markets and sold in rather mean portions. Basil is a great addition to most tomato dishes.

Basil leaves should always be tom rather than chopped, as they bruise and discolour very easily. Carefully stored still in the plastic bag in which it is generally sold, fresh basil will keep in the fridge for up to 3 days, but throw it away as soon as it starts to discolour. Old basil is foul basil, and will make you think of tom cats in a most unpleasant fashion.

One of the best ways of serving basil is in pesto - one of the great pasta sauces, made from basil, Parmesan and pine nuts pounded together. (Incidentally, pesto should always be served with dried rather than fresh pasta.) When making pesto, use only the freshest of basil and the best Parmesan cheese you can get hold of. Never, under any circumstances, use ready-grated Parmesan cheese bought in a packet or drum. One shudders to think what pesto made from old basil and packet ground Parmesan cheese would taste like.

Don’t worry if you don’t use all the pesto you make immediately: it is a very versatile sauce with many other uses. Try adding it to mashed potatoes to give them a different dimension, or bake some on half tomatoes in the oven with fresh breadcrumbs to make a light and delicious gratin.

Pesto will also keep in a kilner jar in the fridge for at least one month without deterioration, provided the surface of the pesto is covered with a thin film of olive oil and the jar has been properly sterilized. (A dishwasher is sterilizer enough, though don’t put the rubber ring in or it will stretch - wash it separately by hand). Also, pack the pesto down with the back of a clean metal spoon to make sure there are no air pockets.

Try the same technique using fresh mint leaves to replace the basil. This makes a fabulous sauce to accompany cold roast lamb or as a dressing for boiled new potatoes.

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  • 2 large bunches of basil (enough to fill the processor loosely before the leaves are chopped)
  • 150g/oz best Reggiano Parmesan cheese (in a piece)
  • 100g/oz pine nuts
  • 2 large garlic cloves
  • about 300ml/½pt extra virgin olive oil
  • sea salt and pepper


  • food processor clean jar(s) for storage


Mise en Place

Rinse the basil very carefully and gently. Then dry it in a salad spinner or pat dry gently with paper towels. (If the leaves are very fresh, there is no need to wash them, but this is a matter for personal preference.) Tear the leaves away from the stalks and discard the stalks • Break the cheese into pieces that will go down the feeder tube of the food processor • Put all the ingredients next to the processor.


Turn on the machine and process the cheese, dropping in one piece at a time until it has a uniform texture about the size of coarse breadcrumbs. Do not over-process at this point because there should still texturally be an identifiable cheese element in the finished sauce.

Add the pine nuts and garlic and process again, briefly. Add the basil and process briefly. Then, with the machine still running, add the olive oil in a thin stream until you have a coarse paste.

Taste and season. Process once more, adding the remaining oil until you have a texture which is spoonable but quite runny. Check the seasoning one last time and add a little more salt if you think the extra oil has cut the edge.

Serve at once with hot pasta (spaghetti is perfect), or store in the fridge as described, covered with olive oil in sterile jars. Once these are opened, use within 2 or 3 days.