Welsh cakes


Preparation info

  • Difficulty


  • For


    small Welsh cakes

Appears in

Oats in the North, Wheat from the South: The history of British Baking, savoury and sweet

Oats in the North, Wheat from the South

By Regula Ysewijn

Published 2020

  • About

These griddle cakes come from Wales but are commonly eaten throughout Britain. In Welsh they have a couple of names: picau ar y maen, pice bach and cacen gri. The word ‘maen’ means bakestone, referring to the fact that Welsh cakes are baked on a griddle. Welsh cakes were sometimes called Bakestones. The Yorkshire Evening Post from 15 April 1935 reported: ‘The other day I gave a recipe for Welsh bakestone cakes ...’


  • 25 g (1 oz) chilled butter
  • 25 g (1 oz) lard (or more butter)
  • 150 g ( oz) plain (all-purpose) flour
  • 25 g (1 oz) white sugar
  • ½ tsp bicarbonate of soda (baking soda)
  • ½ tsp baking powder
  • pinch of sea salt
  • 1 tbsp golden syrup
  • 1 egg
  • 1 tbsp milk
  • 35 g ( oz) currants
  • flour, for dusting
  • caster (superfine) sugar, for sprinkling


Rub the butter and lard, if using, into the flour, sugar, bicarbonate of soda, baking powder and salt. Add the golden syrup, egg and milk and use a wooden spoon or spatula to combine everything. If the mixture is too dry, add a little more milk. You’re aiming for the consistency of scone dough.

Finally, knead in the currants and roll out the dough on a floured work surface to a thickness of 1.5 cm ( inch). Use a 6-7 cm (2½-2¾ inch) cutter to cut out circles. Re-roll the remaining dough and continue cutting out circles until you have used all of the dough.

Place a cast-iron pan on the stove to heat up. Use a pinch of flour or a bit of the dough to test the heat of the pan. If it burns immediately, it is too hot. When it takes a few minutes to brown, it is perfect.

Bake the cakes for 2-3 minutes on each side until golden brown. Generously sprinkle with caster sugar while still warm.