Bring a large saucepan of water to a boil. Add salt, then the broccoli. Cook for about 3 minutes, boiling briskly. Remove the broccoli with a slotted spoon and keep on one side. Keep the pan of water to cook the pasta later.
If using salted anchovies, soak them in cold water for about 20 minutes before using. Chop the anchovies, whether salted or canned.
If you are using fresh t