shoot positioned, term used to describe vine-training systems in a very general way. Shoot-positioned vines have shoots normally trained upwards and held between pairs of foliage or catch wires. Also the tips of the shoots are normally trimmed, because otherwise they can fall down the sides and cause shading. The typical vine-training system of Germany and many other countries is shoot positioned, as are all vertical trellises. Some important examples of non-shoot-positioned canopies are found in drier climates, such as the gobelet-trained vines of the Mediterranean, and also the ‘drooping’ canopies of vigorous vines in California and Australia. See shoot positioning.