Turkey: Modern history

Appears in

Oxford Companion to Wine

Oxford Companion to Wine

By Jancis Robinson

Published 2006

  • About

Boosted by the construction of a railway network , vineyards in the Aegean and Thrace were the source of vast quantities of wine exported to Europe during the 19th-century phylloxera devastation.

In the aftermath of the First World War, the forced migration of Armenian and Greek settlers, who had been responsible for most of the production of and trade in wine, abandoned Turkish viniculture, with the exception of few Alavi and Syriac villages that persevered in making wine for their own consumption.