Use this basic guide for converting measurements from cup and imperial measures to metric. Volumes are standard. Weight can vary according to the density of the ingredients, so the basic ingredients should be used as a rough guide.
Using Cup and Spoon Measures
All cup and spoon measures should be level (unless otherwise stated).
¼ teaspoon 1.25ml
½ teaspoon 2.5ml
1 teaspoon 5ml
1 tablespoon 15ml
Liquid Measures
Cup Imperial Metric
¼ cup 2fl oz 60ml
1 cup 8fl oz 250ml
1¼ cups ½ pint 300ml
1½ cups 12fl oz 350ml
1¾ cups 14fl oz 400ml
2 cups 16fl oz 475ml
2½ cups 1 pint 600ml
3 cups 1¼ pints 750ml
4 cups 1¾ pints 1 liter
Weights
Imperial Metric Imperial Metric
¼lb 100g 1lb 2oz 500g
6oz 175g 1¼lb 575g
½lb 225g 1½lb 675g
12oz 350g 1¾lb 800g
1lb 450g 2¼lb 1kg
Oven Temperatures
°F °C Gas
225 110 ¼
250 120 ½
275 140 1
300 150 2
325 160 3
350 180 4
375 190 5
400 200 6
425 220 7
450 230 8
475 250 9
Basic Ingredients
Cup and Weight Equivalents
Bread crumbs, dry 1 cup = 2½oz / 65g
Bread crumbs, fresh 1 cup = 2oz / 50g
Butter 1 cup = 8oz / 225g
  2 tablespoons = 2oz / 50g
Cheese, grated Cheddar 1 cup = 4oz / 100g
Confectioners’ (icing) sugar 1 cup = 4oz / 100g
Cornstarch (cornflour) 1 cup = 8oz / 225g
Cream cheese, ricotta 1 cup = 8oz / 225g
Flour 1 cup = 4oz/ 100g
Honey 1 cup = 8oz / 225g
Parmesan cheese, grated 1 cup = 3oz / 75g
Peas, frozen 1 cup = 4oz / 100g
Polenta 1 cup = 5oz / 150g
Rice, long grain types 1 cup = 7oz / 200g
Sugar, granulated or superfine 1 cup (generous) = 8oz / 225g
  1 cup (scant) = 7oz / 200g

Valentina wrote her first book, Perfect Pasta, in 1984 and has since gone on to publish more than 20 books. Although better known for her link with Italy and Italian food culture, she was originally trained in classical French cuisine. Valentina’s original BBC television series Italian Regional Cookery was shown in 1990 and 1998 to international acclaim. She is the founder and director of Villa Valentina Cookery Holidays Ltd. and has been conducting and teaching cookery classes for over 10 years, alongside her ongoing career as a celebrity chef, author, broadcaster, and lecturer.

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