148. Podarok, I, viii.

149. Anon., Podarok, 7.

150. Hardships, however, are relative; and household servants usually had an easier life than the field hands. At least they were protected from the elements and, with ready access to the landowner’s food and provisions, they were less likely to go hungry.

151. Sofya Kovalevskaya, A Russian Childhood, tr. Beatrice Stillman (New York: Springer-Verlag, 1978), 84–92.

152. Tolstoy, Polnoe sob. soch., XIX, 123–139 (for English readers: Anna Karenina, part 6, chapters i–v); Tolstoy, Polnoe sob. soch., X, 261–269 (this reference is found in vol. 2, part IV, section VII of the Russian edition, but part 7, section VII, p. 476 of Garnett’s English transtion); Pushkin, Polnoe sob. soch., VI, 45–46 (chapter II, stanza 32); and Gogol, Polnoe sob. soch., II, 27. English readers should consult Mirgorod, tr. David Magarshack (New York: Farrar, Strauss & Cudahy, 1962), 17. For more on the role of mushrooms in Russian culture, see V. P. Wasson and R. Gordon Wasson, Mushrooms, Russia and History (New York: Pantheon, 1957). The cultural prominence of the mushroom in Russian cuisine may also be seen as another small facet of the Westernizer/Slavophile controversy in nineteenth century Russia. See Visson, “Kasha vs. Cachet Blanc.”

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