All-Purpose 3-2-1 Dough

Preparation info
  • Makes enough dough to fill


    pie shells
    • Difficulty


Appears in
From Scratch: 10 Meals, 175 Recipes, and Dozens of Techniques You Will Use Over and Over

By Michael Ruhlman

Published 2019

  • About

This dough works every time if you weigh your flour; if you measure flour by the cup, you may need to add a little extra beyond the 2 cups recommended. But as long as it rolls out nicely without too much sticking, that’s all that matters.

“3-2-1” refers to the proportion of flour to fat to liquid, in that order. Thus, 12 ounces flour, 8 ounces fat, and 4 ounces water, an easy ratio if that fat is in the form of lard or shortening (or in a close metric version, which is even easier a