Orange and Almond Tart

Croustade languedocienne or Galette occitane

Preparation info

  • Serves


    • Difficulty


Appears in

Sud de France

By Caroline Conran

Published 2012

  • About

If you buy this croustade in a pastry shop, it will be decorated in pastry or icing sugar with the beautiful Occitan cross or cross of Toulouse. The history of this emblem is much disputed. Whether it came from the eleventh-century Counts of Venasque in Provence, whose land passed to the Counts of Toulouse in Languedoc, or from the Cathars, or from the crusades and the Jerusalem cross, or from the Visigoths for whom it represented the twelve signs of the zodiac, or the Zoroastrian sun worshippers for whom it represented the sun – or whether it always belonged to the Counts of Toulouse who were given it by an angel after winning a battle at Bayonne – this heraldic cross is the symbol of the Languedoc-Roussillon (it is used on AOC Languedoc wine labels) and of the Occitan language.

On flags and shields, it appears in golden yellow on a red ground, and when there are marches demanding the restoration of the Occitan language, the banners too are in red and gold.