Burgundy
: Organization of trade

Appears in

Oxford Companion to Wine

Oxford Companion to Wine

By Jancis Robinson

Published 2006

  • About

Unlike the bordeaux trade with its large volume of single appellations, and many stratifications of those who sell it, the Burgundian wine trade became polarized between growers and négociants, or merchants. Because the laws of equal inheritance have been strictly applied in a region of such valuable vineyards, individual growers may for example produce just one barrel, enough to fill just 25 cases, of a particular appellation. The market for burgundy was originally built by the merchants, who would buy grapes and wine from many different growers before blending and selling the results. Increasingly individual growers with leading vineyards have been bottling their own wines. Since the early 1990s, the distinctions between growers and merchants have become increasingly blurred, with many widely admired growers also producing another range of wines made from grapes they did not grow themselves, while most merchants have been increasing their vineyard holdings. For more details, see négociants.

Burgundy Grands Crus (listed from north to south)

Commune

Grand Cru

Côte de Nuits (all for red wine unless otherwise stated)

Gevrey-Chambertin

Mazis-Chambertin

Ruchottes-Chambertin

Chambertin Clos-de-Bèze

Griotte-Chambertin

Charmes-Chambertin

Le Chambertin

Latricières-Chambertin

Mazoyères-Chambertin

Chapelle-Chambertin

Morey-St-Denis

Clos de la Roche

Clos St-Denis

Clos des Lambrays

Clos de Tart

Bonnes Mares (some)

Chambolle-Musigny

Bonnes Mares (most)

Le Musigny (some white wine too)

Vougeot

Clos de Vougeot

Flagey-Échezeaux

Grands Échezeaux

Échezeaux

Vosne-Romanée

Richebourg

Romanée-St-Vivant

Romanée-Conti

La Romanée

La Grande Rue

La Tâche

Côte de Beaune (all for white wine unless otherwise stated)

Ladoix-Serrigny

Corton (almost all red)

Corton-Charlemagne

Aloxe-Corton

Corton (almost all red)

Corton-Charlemagne

Pernand-Vergelesses

Corton-Charlemagne

Charlemagne (no longer used)

Puligny-Montrachet

Chevalier-Montrachet

Bienvenues-Bâtard- Montrachet

with Chassagne-Montrachet

Le Montrachet

Bâtard-Montrachet

Chassagne-Montrachet

Criots-Bâtard-Montrachet