wind, or strong air movement, is a problem on many coastal and otherwise exposed viticultural sites. Major valleys can also be windy, because they can act as funnels, and have their own distinctive systems of wind force and directions. The mistral of the southern Rhône is one of the more notorious examples of this, as is the Salinas Valley in monterey. The detrimental effects of wind on vines are described under wind stress; installing windbreaks can provide a solution.
Hot, dry winds in summer are a particular hazard of viticultural regions bordering deserts. The sirocco of North Africa afflicts the vineyards of southern Europe, occasionally reaching France, for example. The hot, very dry, strong zonda winds of argentina can cause major problems for vineyards.