Spicy dishes are the specialty of the southern region, especially the port city of Basra. This is largely due to the Indian influence, which is as old as the silk-road trade itself. During medieval times, the historian alMas’udi named the city ardh al-hind (land of India).
As you will notice, curry powder is not used in the recipe, but the components of the curry blend are present here. We learn from Lizzie Collingham in Curry: A Tale of Cooks and Conquerors that curry