The beans most often associated with Cuban cooking are frijoles negros, but Cubans eat many kinds of beans and legumes. Red beans are especially popular in the eastern provinces, where they are used to make congrí (red beans and rice), and hearty soups like this one. Serve with crusty Pan Cubano (Cuban Bread).
In a large skillet, cook the bacon over medium-low heat until crisp, 8 to 10 minutes.
With a slotted spoon, remove the bacon and place it in a Dutch oven or large saucepan. To the skillet, add the chorizo and cook, stirring often, for 5 minutes. Remove it with the slotted spoon and add it to the bacon. Pour off all but a thin film of drippings from the skillet. Add the onion and chiles to the skillet and cook over medium-low heat, stirring, until translucent, 3 to 5 minutes. While the onion mixture is cooking, crush the garlic in a garlic press into a mortar or small bowl. Add the salt, cumin, oregano, and black pepper and use a pestle or a fork to mash the seasonings to a paste. Add the seasonings to the onion mixture and cook, stirring, for 1 minute. Add this sofrito to the meats. Stir in the beans, tomatoes, broth, wine, and lime juice. Bring the soup to a boil over high heat. Add the potato and calabaza. Cover, reduce the heat to low, and simmer for about 20 minutes, or until the vegetables are tender. Sprinkle the soup with the cilantro, if desired, and serve.
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