Gaza City version

Um Zuhair’s Dugga

Preparation info

  • Makes approximately

    3¼ pounds

    • Difficulty


Appears in

The Gaza Kitchen: A Palestinian Culinary Journey

The Gaza Kitchen

By Laila El-Haddad and Maggie Schmitt

Published 2021

  • About


  • 5 cups (approximately 1 kilogram) wheat berries or whole wheat flour
  • cups (approximately <


Toast the wheat berries, lentils, and spices individually on medium heat in a large skillet, stirring constantly until golden and fragrant, taking care not to let them burn. If using the flour, toast this separately. Mix and grind in small batches using a spice grinder or high-powered blender. Stir in the salt and citric acid, mixing well. Store in sealed containers. Before using, add