Preparation info

  • Makes


    • Difficulty


    • Ready in

      3 hr 30

Appears in

The French Market

The French Market

By Joanne Harris and Fran Warde

Published 2005

  • About

Croissants are the essential French pastry. Fresh baked for breakfast or smothered in almonds for the goûter, there’s something wonderful about the flaky, almost brittle crust and the soft, fragrant centre of these simple little pastries. Of course you can buy croissants (or what purport to be croissants) ready-made from supermarkets everywhere but, believe me, nothing – nothing-beats the real deal, baked to perfection in your own oven and eaten hot, with a cup of bitter chocolate.


  • 500 g plain, or strong plain, flour, plus extra for dusting
  • 45 g unrefined sugar
  • 1 tsp salt
  • 15 g fresh yeast, available from bakeries
  • 200 ml lukewarm water
  • 100 ml lukewarm milk
  • 250 g butter, plus extra for greasing
  • 1 egg


    Sift the flour, sugar and salt into a large bowl. Crumble the yeast into the warm water and milk, mix and leave for 5 minutes to dissolve. Make a well in the middle of the flour and pour in the yeast mixture. Stir in the liquid, gradually drawing in the flour, until you have a smooth dough. Shape into a ball, cover and leave to rest in the fridge for 20 minutes.

    Place the butter between two sheets of greaseproof paper and beat it with a rolling pin until flat and about 20 cm square. Dust a surface with flour and roll the dough out to a 40 cm square, place the flattened butter in the middle and fold the dough over as if wrapping a parcel. Roll the dough out to a rectangle 24 cm by 60 cm. Dust with a little extra flour so that the dough does not stick to the work surface, if needed. Fold one third of the dough on top of the other and then fold over the remaining third. Turn 90 degrees, roll out again, then fold again as described above. Wrap in cling film and place in the fridge to rest for 30 minutes. Repeat the rolling out and folding two more times, then wrap the dough in cling film and return to the fridge to relax for a further 30 minutes.

    Make a triangular template measuring 21 cm by 21 cm by 14 cm. Lightly butter a baking sheet.

    Roll out the dough to 42 cm by 42 cm. Cut the dough in half horizontally, then mark out the triangles with the template and cut them out. Roll the dough from the base of each triangle, then shape into a crescent and place on the baking sheet with the point underneath so that the croissant will not unravel. Cover and leave to rise in a warm draught-free room until the croissants have doubled in size. (This could be done overnight.)

    Heat the oven to 220°C/gas 7. Whisk the egg and brush each croissant, then bake them in the oven for 15 minutes.