pinole a meal (flour) made from the seeds of certain wild and cultivated plants, including parched maize. The meal, which can be eaten dry or mixed with water to make a mush, was used by the Indians of Mexico and the south-western USA. Pinole made with chia seed is still famous in Mexico and was described by one author as ‘the staff of life of the common people’. The bean of the mesquite tree is also made into pinole, and so are madia seeds.
© the Estate of Alan Davidson 1999, 2006, 2014 © in the Editor’s contribution to the second and third editions, Oxford University Press 2006, 2014.