Maximum length 30 cm. Not found in the northern parts of the Mediterranean, where the waters are too cold for it. The same applies to the slightly larger species Sardinella maderensis (Lowe), which is found along the southern shores and especially in the south-east. Its body is deeper as well as being a little longer, as the drawing below shows. It is the French grande allache, and Italian alaccia africana. The Egyptians know it as sardina mifaltara.