Cystoderma cinnabarinum (Alb. & Schwein.) Fayod syn. C. terrei (Berk. & Broome) Aarmaja (illustrated 30% life size) Cap 3–8cm across, convex; deep cinnabar-red to orange-brown; covered with granular, pyramidal spines or scales, easily brushed off. Stem 30–60×6–15mm; concolorous with cap; covered below the veil with a granular coating of scales, smooth above the faint ring zone. Flesh white to reddish; smell not distinctive. Gills adnate, crowded; white. Spores 3.5–5×2–3¼, ellipsoid, smooth; nonamyloid. Spore print white. Facial and marginal cystidia are hair-like. Habitat in coniferous or mixed woods; late summer to autumn. Rare on Red Data List. Not edible possibly poisonous.