American Sugar Refining Company

Appears in

Oxford Companion to Sugar and Sweets

Oxford Companion to Sugar and Sweets

By Darra Goldstein

Published 2015

  • About

American Sugar Refining Company is the world’s largest refined cane-sugar producer and the maker of Domino Sugar, among other major brands. Trademarked in 1906, the name Domino was derived from the fact that the rectangular shape of the company’s sugar cubes resembles the pieces used in the namesake game.

The company traces its roots to the so-called Sugar Trust, known as the Sugar Refineries’ Company when “Sugar King” Henry Osborne Havemeyer organized it in New York in 1887. See havemeyer, henry osborne and sugar trust. Modeled on the nation’s first trust, John D. Rockefeller’s Standard Oil Company, this then-new form of industrial entity was created by a merger of many separate refineries in several eastern seaboard cities. A near-perfect monopoly, fully legal at inception, it was designed to fix prices, limit supply, keep down labor costs, and discourage competition.