The cookie dough is made of flour, butter, brown or white sugar, and sometimes milk or eggs, with seasonings such as cinnamon, nutmeg, ginger, cloves, cardamom, coriander seed, white pepper, mace, anise, and grated lemon zest. The chilled, stiff dough is pressed into an elaborately carved wooden mold that shapes the outline of the cookie and imprints a raised design on the top. See cookie molds and stamps. Before the dough is baked, flaked almonds are often pressed onto the back of it. A rich variation is “filled speculaas,” with a layer of marzipan baked between two layers of the spicy dough. See marzipan.