Armenia, relatively small, mountainous, ex-Soviet republic in the south Transcaucasus. One of the oldest viticultural regions, its elevation compensates for its latitude, which is five to seven degrees more southerly than the famous vineyards of France. Only 10 to 15% of grapes are used for wine. In 2013 Armenia had 17,400 ha/43,000 acres of vineyard and produced 57,000 hl/1.5 million gal of wine (of which two-thirds are red), and 185,000 hl of brandy.
© Jancis Robinson and Oxford University Press 1994, 1999, 2006, 2015