While koshari may be Egypt’s glorious answer to street food, the word is not Arabic but rather derived from the Hindi word khichri, meaning a dish of rice and lentils. It’s an import, brought to Egypt by the British Army.
2 small mild red chillies (or more to taste), deseeded and finely chopped
Heat 2tablespoons of the olive oil in a heavy-based saucepan over a medium heat, add the chillies, garlic and cumin and cook for about 1 minute until aromatic. Add the tomatoes and bring to the boil, then reduce the heat to low and leave to simmer, covered, for 20 minutes, s