Appears in

Oxford Companion to Food

Oxford Companion to Food

By Alan Davidson

Published 2014

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cuttlefish an edible cephalopod (the group of molluscs which also includes squid and octopus). The species familiar in the Mediterranean and E. Atlantic is Sepia officinalis, which has a maximum body length of about 25 cm (10") and is usually dark in colour with markings as shown in the drawing. Like other cephalopods, it has ink sacs which secrete a dark ink, intended for ejection when a predator threatens it. That of the cuttlefish was formerly used to produce the colour sepia. Both cuttlefish and squid may be called inkfish.