Appears in
Oxford Companion to Food

By Alan Davidson

Published 2014

  • About

gram an Indian term which refers to pulses which are whole rather than split; the latter are called dal.

The word is of Portuguese origin, from grão (grain, from the Latin granum), but is not, as one might expect, applied to cereal grains.

The term gram by itself, without an epithet, is taken to mean chickpea (channa). Similarly, ‘gram flour’ means besan flour, which is made from chickpeas. Other kinds of gram are listed below, with references to the articles in which they are described.