The sub-species Merlangius merlangus euxinus (Nordmann) may be found as far west as the Adriatic, but it belongs essentially to the Black Sea, as euxinus indicates. It is medjid (cf. the Turkish name) in Bulgaria and bacaliar (cf. the Greek name) in Romania. The Russians call it merlanca or Chernomorskaya piksha; but the local name gokak is still current on the Georgian coast.