Bonfire Scalycap

Pholiota highlandensis

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Mushrooms

Mushrooms

By Roger Phillips

Published 2006

Bonfire Scalycap Pholiota highlandensis (Peck) Quadr. syn. P. carbonaria (Fr.) Singer (illustrated 40% life size) Cap 2–5cm across, shallowly convex, becoming flattened and wavy; ochre-brown to tan, lighter at margin; smooth, viscid drying shiny, rather variable. Stem 35–70Γ—4–8mm, pale yellowish above ring zone, covered in fine, cottony fibres and darkening reddish-brown towards the base. Flesh pale yellow, rusty-brown in stem base; taste and smell not distinctive. Gills adnexed; pale clay, later cinnamon, finally olive-brown. Spores 6.5–8Γ—3.5–4.5ΒΌ, oval, smooth. Spore print brown. Pleurocystidia fusiform, projecting conspicuously beyond the basidia, thin-walled, hyaline; cheilocystidia similar. Habitat on burnt ground, often in large numbers; autumn, sporadically throughout the year. Frequent. Not edible.

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