Appears in
Oxford Companion to Wine

By Jancis Robinson

Published 2006

  • About

IGT, stands for Indicazione Geografica Tipica, corresponding to the eu denomination pgi. Either IGT or IGP (the Italian version of PGI) may appear on labels. This category of wines was created in italy by law 164 in 1992 as an approximate equivalent of the French vin de pays. It officially enabled producers to give more information on the labels of their myriad esteemed, and often extremely expensive, wines then selling as a vino da tavola. IGT was created as the basis of a quality pyramid with doc in the middle and docg at the top. Many producers are unable or unwilling to opt for any denomination higher than IGT, either because they produce wines from vine varieties and/or use winemaking techniques not permitted by the local DOC regulations, or because the quality control system, which must establish a wine’s typicality, is unable or unwilling to adapt to changes in viticulture and winemaking. Wines produced and bottled without sulfur dioxide, unfiltered wines, and skin-fermented white wines fall victim to this. Particularly popular IGTs include delle Venezie, Puglia, Terre Siciliane, Toscana, and Veneto.