New World: Viticulture

Appears in

Oxford Companion to Wine

Oxford Companion to Wine

By Jancis Robinson

Published 2006

  • About
New World viticulture is a phrase used to differentiate the viticultural practices in the New World from those of the Old World. It is difficult but not impossible to generalize about the viticultural practices of countries as diverse as the United States, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and the countries of South America as opposed to those more usual in Europe.

A common difference is in planting distances, or vine density, with a particularly marked contrast between the 1 m by 1 m (3 ft by 3 ft) high-density planting of the médoc and the 3.7 m by 2.5 m (12 ft by 8 ft) planting pattern that was long common in California and Australia. But no difference is absolute or constant. In some parts of the Old World, there is a trend towards wider spacings for reasons of economy, while some growers in the New World have been planting more densely, sometimes to an extreme extent, in a search for higher quality. posts characterize New World vineyards rather than the stakes of the Old World.