Eugene Wu, the librarian of the Harvard-Yenching Library, grew up in Chengtu and claims that as a schoolboy he used to eat PockMarked Ma’s Bean Curd, or mapo doufu, at a restaurant run by the original Pock-Marked Ma herself. You ordered by weight, so many grams of bean curd and so many grams of meat, and your serving would be weighed out and cooked as you watched. It arrived at the table fresh, fragrant, and so spicy hot, or la, that it actually caused sweat to break out. Dr. Wu says that Mrs.
If we had to choose the quintessential Szechwanese dish, this spicy preparation of bean curd and chopped meat would probably be it. Its multiplicity of tastes and textures first stuns, then stimulates, the senses. It assaults the palate with the full spectrum of Szechwanese spices and condiments, from garlic and ginger to hot pepper paste and Szechwan pepper. It seems to contain almost every taste there is salty, hot, sweet, and pungent — as well as that uniquely Szechwanese quality, aromatic numbness, or ma, which only Szechwan pepper can produce. At the same time, a real mapo doufu offers an equally brilliant combination of textures. In each mouthful you can feel the smoothness of bean curd, the crunchiness of water chestnuts, the slipperiness of tree ears, and the graininess of chopped meat. In many ways, the ingredients used in a mapo doufu, its appearance, and its actual taste are similar to the classic “in the style of fish,” or yuxiang, dishes of Szechwan. It is quite possible that the poorly complected lady’s masterpiece is just a pseudonymous variation of that traditional style of cooking. Interestingly, Mrs.
As it should be, this is one of the hottest dishes Mrs.
( ( (the remaining chopped ginger) (meat mixture)
Put the tree ears in a small bowl and pour the boiling water over them. Let them soak for about 15 minutes, until they become soft and gelatinous.
Peel the ginger, then chop it into tiny pieces, about the size of a match head.
Clean the scallions, then chop them, both the white part and about one-third of the green, into pieces slightly larger than the ginger, about ¼ inch in diameter.
Add 1 tablespoon of the chopped ginger and 1 scallion’s worth of the chopped scallions to the ground pork, along with the soy sauce, sesame oil, and wine. Mix thoroughly, then set aside for about 30 minutes.
Peel the garlic, then chop it coarsely. Combine it with the rest of the chopped ginger and mince them both together until they reach the consistency of a thick paste. (This may take several minutes, but Mrs.
Cut the dark skin off the outside of the water chestnuts, then chop them into pieces about the size of a match head.
Combine the cornstarch and water in a small bowl and set aside.
Cut the bean curd into ½-inch cubes.
Drain the tree ears, then rinse them and pick them over carefully to remove the tiny impurities, like little pieces of wood, that might still be embedded in them. Then mince into little pieces the size of a match head.
Just before you are ready to begin cooking, add the cornstarch to the meat mixture and blend thoroughly.
(the remaining chopped ginger)
(water chestnuts and tree ears) (bean curd) (scallions) At this point, determine how much sauce there is in the pan. If the dish seems watery, you should get ready to add the cornstarch and water mixture that you have already prepared. But if there does not seem to be much liquid, you won’t need the cornstarch. Make sure that you stir up the cornstarch mixture before you pour it into the pan, then stir-fry everything over a medium flame until the sauce becomes clear and slightly thickened.
Heat your wok or pan over a moderately high flame for about 15 seconds, then add the oil. It should be hot enough to cook with when the first small bubbles begin to form and a few small wisps of smoke appear.
(garlic and ginger)
When the oil is ready, quickly throw in the garlic and ginger and vigorously stir-fry them over a medium flame for about 30 seconds, using your cooking shovel or spoon to scoop the ingredients from the sides of the pan and then stir them around in the middle, so they won’t bum or stick.
Continue to stir-fry while you add the hot pepper flakes in oil, hot pepper paste, water chestnuts, and tree ears. Then stir-fry for another 30 seconds.
Add the meat mixture and keep stirring it as it cooks, taking special care to break up any large chunks of meat that stick together.
After the meat has cooked for about 1 minute and has lost its pinkish color, throw in the bean curd and the chopped scallions and stir-fry everything together for about 45 seconds. Then add the sugar and stir-fry for another 30 seconds.
Pour in the soy sauce and the water and wait for the liquid to boil, then let the contents of the pan cook over a moderate flame for 2 more minutes.
Add the Szechwan peppercorns and stir thoroughly.
(cornstarch and water)
Add the sesame oil and stir it in thoroughly; then, just before serving, taste the dish for salt. It should taste sharp and clear, with just a hint of sweetness. Stir the salt in and serve.
(water chestnuts and tree ears)
At this point, determine how much sauce there is in the pan. If the dish seems watery, you should get ready to add the cornstarch and water mixture that you have already prepared. But if there does not seem to be much liquid, you won’t need the cornstarch.
Make sure that you stir up the cornstarch mixture before you pour it into the pan, then stir-fry everything over a medium flame until the sauce becomes clear and slightly thickened.
© 1976 Ellen Schrecker. All rights reserved.