This is my favorite pie, though many people have never heard of it. It is a Lowcountry classic. It can be made with any of the native American grapes. Some people use cornstarch or instant tapioca to thicken fruit pies—or, worse, wheat flour. Rice flour is tasteless and disappears, utterly transparently, into the fruit juices.
It was the pastry chef Kelly Bugden who taught me how to make perfect piecrust. Alas, I am never satisfied with my results unless I use lard. You may use butter or another solid shortening—or a combination. Be sure to have everything as cold as possible and to maintain the ratio of 4:1 (in weight) for flour to shortening. And avoid touching the dough with your hands, which will toughen it.
To make the crust, sift the flour with the salt and sugar into a large stainless-steel mixing bowl. Add a few ice cubes to the measured water and set aside. Cut the lard into the flour with a pastry blender, a large fork, or 2 knives, until the mixture is uniform and, as the old cookbooks say, resembles small peas. Do not touch the dough with your hands. Place a wet towel under the bowl so that it will not slide around on the counter. Working deftly, scoop up large spoonfuls of the mixture from the bottom of the bowl with a large metal slotted spoon while sprinkling water into the mixture a little at a time. Work quickly as you “lift in” the water, stopping before all the water is in. You should stop the second you feel the dough will hold together without more water. Now grab the entire mass of dough in your hands and push it all together into a ball. If the pie filling is ready, wrap the dough in some wax paper or plastic wrap and put it in the freezer for 10 minutes; otherwise, put the wrapped dough in the refrigerator to chill while you prepare the fruit.
To make the filling, pulp the grapes by squeezing them over a non- reactive pot. Reserve the skins. Cook the pulp over medium-high heat for about 5 minutes, just enough to loosen the seeds. Press the pulp through a colander to remove the seeds. Combine the pulp with the skins, sugar, and rice flour. If the grapes are very sweet, such as ripe Concords, you may add a little citrus peel and juice for flavor. The skins of scuppernongs, however, are very tart on their own.
Cut the remaining dough into long strips and gently make a lattice top on the pie. Run a sharp knife blade at an angle around the rim of the pie plate, trimming off excess dough. Brush the top of the piecrust lightly with milk or half-and-half, then crimp the edge of the piecrust down with a large fork. Sprinkle the pie lightly all over with a little sugar, place in the middle of the oven, and bake for 10 minutes. Lower the heat to 350° and
© 1992 All rights reserved. Published by UNC Press.